Terpenes: An Explainer

The refreshing fragrances of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their smell is because of organic compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are a large class of aromatic chemicals found in several plants, foods and important oils. In hemp, terpenes are located inside the trichomes, small mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is thought that there are more than a hundred. Each has a somewhat different chemical structure, which gives it a special scent. Although it can please our sense of smell, they are mainly planned to safeguard plants by driving away bacteria, fungi and bugs.

Luckily for us, studies have shown that terpenes can do more than just provide a pleasant scent or deter predators. They have also been found to conjure up a wide variety of biological effects in humans, which we will go over in more detail quickly.

How many terpenes are there, and what are they called?

As we suggested previously, terpenes are not exclusive to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will find everyday foods that also contain high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred different terpenes, some are more typical than others. Some of the popular terpenes consist of the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most typical terpene in the Cannabis sativa species, however it is also really typical in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Remember the refreshing smell of lemon we talked about earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is extensively utilized in perfumes, cosmetics and air cleansing.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best known for its existence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will quickly recognize the floral scent of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most typically found in lavender.

What makes terpenes unique?

Terpenes are necessary not just because of their smell, however also because of their possible synergy with cannabinoids like CBD, CBN and CBD Connected in the human body.

Picture the hemp plant as a large glass jar. Initially, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the largest group of compounds. Then we use smaller sized pebbles to fill in some holes; these are our terpenes. Finally, to fill the pot, we pour sand into it; flavonoids and other important particles. You need all the aspects to make an entire plant.

In addition, there is proof to recommend that when cannabinoids and terpenes exist together, their particular biological effects are enhanced. This phenomenon, called the entourage effect, is what makes the particles present in hemp unique. However, even in isolation, studies have shown that terpenes can have their own biological effects.

What are the effects of terpenes?

The capacity of terpenes appears huge. A study by the British Pharmacological Society found that terpenes have “unique healing effects that can substantially add to the entourage effect of medical marijuana extracts”. They added that the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes could lead to “synergy in the treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, stress and anxiety, drug dependency, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “.

In other words, if cannabinoids are the stars of the show, they could be a lot more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to find about the inner operations of terpenes, and while we’ve noted a few of them above, they’re just the tip of the iceberg. In future posts, we will continue to explore terpenes in more detail to learn precisely what they can be capable of. Visit CBD Gurus for more info.

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